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Will it be possible to treat colds quickly and easily in the future?
Especially in the cold season, many people develop a cold. There is hardly anyone who has never had a cold. Researchers have now discovered a small molecule in the immune system of humans and animals that could be used to cure the common cold.
In their research, Edinburgh Napier University scientists found that a specific molecule could help effectively cure colds. The doctors published the results of their study in the journal "Peptides".
Doctors are discovering new ways to treat colds
Every year, many people get a cold, some even several times a year. The UK research team has now discovered new ways to treat colds based on antimicrobial peptides.
Peptides can fight the rhinovirus
A five-year study of peptides in various mammals found that certain peptides have all the properties to fight the rhinovirus. This virus is responsible for most colds, the researchers explain.
New drugs could protect against asthma and COPD
The scientists now hope to be able to use the results of the study to develop drugs to treat colds, which can also protect patients against chronic lung diseases such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
Therapies to treat the rhinovirus are needed
So far there is no cure and no vaccine against the rhinovirus. For this reason, the development of effective therapies for the human rhinovirus is urgently needed, say the experts. The virus is the main cause of colds and one of the most common causes of viral infections of the respiratory tract, explains author Professor Dr. Peter Barlow in a press release from Edinburgh Napier University.
Increasing the peptides offers protection against colds
An earlier investigation by Dr. Barlow has already highlighted the potential of antimicrobial peptides to fight the influenza A virus. The scientists explained that treatments that increase the level of antimicrobial peptides can offer significant protection against colds.
Doctors are examining pig and sheep antimicrobial peptides
In the current study, existing research was expanded to include the use of antimicrobial peptides to combat rhinovirus. By using synthesized peptides in the laboratory, the researchers examined the effects of the various peptides on lung cells infected with human rhinovirus.
Peptides successfully attacked the rhinovirus
The scientists found that the peptides successfully attacked the virus. This could provide clues for the development of new treatment approaches based on the natural peptides.
Future medications could cure colds
The results are an exciting discovery and in our next steps we will modify the peptide to improve it even more in fighting the virus, says author Professor Dr. Barlow. Research is still at an early stage, but we will try to develop drugs that have the potential to cure a cold, the expert added. (as)