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Marijuana from the pharmacy: cannabis alleviates these diseases
The German Bundestag passed a law this week that makes seriously ill people easier to access cannabis as a medicine. Marijuana is available in the pharmacy for affected patients; statutory health insurance covers the costs. But what diseases is the intoxicant effective against?
Easier access to marijuana
Although the consumption, cultivation, possession or trade of or with marijuana is illegal in many countries, the intoxicant has been allowed to be consumed for some time in some countries for medical purposes. The Bundestag has now passed a law that makes it easier for seriously ill people to receive cannabis as medicine. "For serious illnesses such as chronic pain or multiple sclerosis, cannabis as a medicine can help to alleviate symptoms," said Parliamentary State Secretary Ingrid Fischbach. Indeed, there are a number of diseases that marijuana can help against.
Cannabis as medicine
Even before the law was passed, cannabis was used in Germany for medical purposes. At the end of last year, over a thousand seriously ill people were able to buy marijuana for therapy.
The new law, which provides for full coverage of health insurance, has long been controversial. For example, doctors in Germany had spoken out against free marijuana on sick leave.
But now it's finally passed. “Seriously ill people must be cared for in the best possible way. This includes that the costs of cannabis as medicine for the seriously ill are covered by their health insurance if they cannot be helped effectively, ”said Federal Health Minister Hermann Gröhe.
Effective against various diseases
Ready-made medicinal products based on cannabis have been manufactured in Germany since 2011 and have also been prescribed by doctors using a prescription for narcotics.
The German Hemp Association writes on its website: “The five most common diagnoses for which German patients receive an exceptional license to buy and own medical cannabis are chronic pain, multiple sclerosis, ADHD, Tourette syndrome and depressive disorders.
Since more people will be able to obtain marijuana from the pharmacy in the future, it makes sense to know which diseases the active ingredient can be used against.
Anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect
It is known that two ingredients in particular have an effect in cannabis. Firstly, the delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, better known as THC, which is also intoxicating. And cannabidiol (CBD), which is said to have anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects.
The cannabis flowers are smoked, but the active ingredient is also available as a liquid extract or in capsule form. Marijuana as a medicine can also cause side effects. Fatigue, dizziness, dry mouth, cardiovascular effects, psychological effects and development of tolerance to side effects are some of the things that the German Hemp Association lists in a guide.
In addition, regular cannabis use lowers bone density, as Scottish scientists reported.
Don't smoke with tobacco
In addition to the treatment of chronic pain, spastic paralysis and cramps in multiple sclerosis (MS), marijuana is also used for inflammatory rheumatic diseases such as arthritis.
The effect against complaints such as nausea and vomiting has also been scientifically proven. In addition, cannabis is said to be helpful against migraines and to help prevent an Alzheimer's outbreak.
It is also known that cannabis dilates the bronchial tubes and can improve the breathing of asthma patients. For this, the intoxicant should not be smoked as a joint with tobacco.
Furthermore, the calming effects of cannabis can also reduce the spontaneous, impulsive tics of Tourette patients.
Studies have also shown that the active ingredient cannabidiol can lower intraocular pressure, thereby reducing the risk of glaucoma.
The appetizing effect of marijuana can also be helpful because people who fight cancer using chemotherapy and radiation therapy often suffer from anorexia. Cannabis has also been helpful to these patients in the past.
AIDS also has a positive effect, in the course of which sufferers tend to lose weight, have no appetite and suffer from pain and nausea.
In addition, cannabis helps patients with many other diseases, although the effectiveness has not yet been clearly scientifically proven in all cases. (ad)